This is a World Bank study, in collaboration with Ministry of Woman and Child Development, Govt. of India, entitled “Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) Early Childhood Development (ECD) assessment”. (SABER) is being done across all states in India.The SABER – Early Childhood Development envisages to do a comprehensive stock-taking of ECD programs operating in the country with a view to provide detailed information with regards to financing, management, enrollment, quality assurance mechanisms etc. of the most important interventions and to collect and synthesize comprehensive information on ECD policies and programs across different systems. The context of the situational assessment stems from the review of the global evidence by SABER-ECD which identified three policy goals to assess ECD systems: namely, establishing an enabling environment, implementing widely and monitoring and assuring quality. These need to be planned for as challenges are being faced at national and global levels to devise effective strategies and plan of action to ensure that all the children have the opportunity to reach to their full potential. The larger objective is to holistically design a comprehensive ECD policy and implementation framework.
In this regard, Centre for Early Childhood Education and Development (CECED), Ambedkar University was invited by World Bank India to engage as one of the partner organization to conduct “Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) Early Childhood Development (ECD) assessment” in 12 States across the country namely Nagaland, Uttarakhand, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Rajasthan, Manipur, Mizoram and Sikkim. The situational assessment of these 12 statesin duration of 4 months (June, 15 to September, 20th, 2014) attempts to understand the existence, availability, allocation, and use of ECD policies in the thirteen states of India. The situational assessment aims to achieve this through:
- Desk review of the different central and state policies and interventions in ECD and related policies for each of the individual states to:-
- Identify the gaps in the existing policies and interventions through review of secondary resources.
- Identify the different departments in the state from where primary data can be obtained with regards to the identified gaps.
- Identify the key informants within the departments who can be interviewed to collect primary data.
- Conduct extensive interviews with Officials from State departments, Non state providers to collect data to complete the SABER – Early Childhood Development Program, Policy Questionnaire on the areas of Health, Education, Nutrition, Child Protection and Social protection.
- Review prepared questionnaires to ensure that final product accurately reflects the data collected.
- Submit with the questionnaires, copies of all relevant policies, notifications, laws and other documents used to answer the questions in the study.
The data collection for all the 12 states has been completed and the compiled data of 5 states has been submitted to World Bank, India.
The next set of activities would be compilation of data of remaining 7 states and to share the qualitative inputs with the World Bank team for the analysis.